Hypothermia happens when someone’s body
temperature drops below 35°C (95°F). Normal body temperature is
around 37°C (98. 6°F).
Hypothermia can become life-threatening
quickly, so it’s important to treat someone with hypothermia
straight away. Severe hypothermia, when the body temperature falls
below 30°C (86°F), is often fatal.
Hypothermia is usually caused by being in
a cold environment for a long time. This could be from staying
outdoors in cold conditions, falling into cold water, or from
living in a poorly heated house. Elderly people, babies, homeless
people and anyone who is thin and frail or not able to move around
easily are particularly vulnerable.
What to look for
These are the four key things to look for:
- Shivering, cold, pale, and dry skin
- Tiredness, confusion, and irrational
- Slow and shallow breathing
- Slow and weakening pulse
What you need to do
If you notice any of these symptoms, you need
to warm them up.
If they are outside, if possible get them
indoors. Cover them with layers of blankets and warm the room to
about 25°C (77°F). Give them something warm to drink, like soup,
and high energy food, like chocolate.
• Once they have warmed up, tell them to
see a doctor as soon as possible
• If they lose consciousness at any
point, open their airway, check their breathing and prepare to
treat someone who’s become unconscious.
• If they are outdoors and you can’t move them indoors:
1. Find something for them to lie on to protect them from
the cold ground, like heather or pine branches.
2. If their clothes are wet, change them into dry clothes,
if possible. Put them in a sleeping bag and cover them with
blankets, if available. Make sure their head is covered too.
3. Then call 999/112 for an ambulance. If possible, don’t
leave them by themselves but stay with them until help arrives.
4. While you wait for help to arrive, keep checking their
breathing, pulse and level of response.