Bumps and bruises
After someone has had an injury to the skin, they’ll often get a
bump or a bruise. Bumps and bruises may not appear straight away
but the skin can still be painful and often feel tender or swollen
Bumps are swellings caused by fluid under the surface of the
Bruises are bluish or purple-coloured patches that appear
because tiny blood vessels beneath the skin burst and leak blood
into the soft tissue. As they heal, bruises usually change to a
yellowish green colour.
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What you need to do
If someone has a bump or bruise, hold something cold onto the
skin straight after the injury to help it heal and reduce the pain.
This could be a bag of peas or ice wrapped in a cloth, or a cold
compress if you have one. Do not leave it on for more than ten
If the injury is painful then help them to lie down and
raise the area above their heart, if possible, to help slow the
flow of blood to the area and so reduce the swelling.
If a bump or bruise becomes very swollen or very painful, then
you should tell them to see a healthcare professional for