Minor cuts, scratches and grazes


  • Wash and dry your own hands
  • Cover any cuts on your own hands and put on disposable gloves
  • Clean the cut, if dirty, under running water. Pat dry with a sterile dressing or clean lint-free material. If possible, raise affected area above the heart
  • Cover the cut temporarily while you clean the surrounding skin with soap and water and pat the surrounding skin dry. Cover the cut completely with a sterile dressing or plaster.

Severe bleeding

Direct pressure

Bleeding - apply direct pressure

  • Protect yourself from infection by wearing disposable gloves and covering any wounds on your hands
  • Apply direct pressure to the wound with a pad (eg. a clean cloth) or fingers until a sterile dressing is available.


Bleeding - raise the limb

  • Raise and support the injured limb. Take particular care if you suspect a bone has been broken.

Lay the casualty down

Bleeding - lay casuatly down

  • Lay the casualty down to treat for shock.

Call for help

Dialling 999

  • Send helper to dial 999/ 112

Apply a sterile dressing

Bleeding - bandage wound

  • Bandage the pad or dressing firmly to control bleeding, but not so tightly that it stops the circulation to fingers or toes
  • Dial 999/ 112 if someone has not already done so
  • If blood comes through the dressing do not remove it – bandage another over the original
  • If blood seeps through both dressings, remove them both and replace with a fresh dressing, applying pressure over the site of bleeding.

Treat for shock

Treatment for shock


Objects in wounds

Where possible, swab or wash small objects out of the wound with clean water. If there is a large object embedded:


  • leave it in place
  • apply pressure on either side of the object
  • raise and support the wounded limb or part
  • gently cover the wound and object with a sterile dressing
  • build up padding around the object until the padding is higher than the object, then bandage over the object without pressing on it
  • arrange to take or send the casualty to hospital.

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