2. Choking

Life lost

Choking life lost

Abigail thought that grown-ups would always be there to help. But there were no adults who knew how to stop her choking to death.

Read Abigail West's story

Life saved

Ellie Fulton

Four-year-old Ellie Fulton’s life was saved when her father applied simple first aid to stop her choking.

Read Ellie Fulton's story

How to be the difference for someone choking

COUGH IT OUT

  • Choking step 1Encourage them to cough. If this doesn’t clear the obstruction, support their upper body with one hand and help them lean forward

SLAP IT OUT

  • Choking - back slapsGive up to five sharp back blows between their shoulder blades with the heel of your hand

SQUEEZE IT OUT

  • Choking - abdominal thrustIf the obstruction has not cleared, stand behind them and put both arms around the upper part of the abdomen
  • Clench your fist and place it between the navel and the bottom of their breastbone
  • Grasp your fist firmly with your other hand
  • Pull sharply inwards and upwards up to five times
  • If this doesn’t clear the obstruction repeat backslaps and abdominal thrusts up to three times
  • Call 999If it still hasn’t cleared, call 999/112 for emergency help. Continue until help arrives.

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