First aid for road incidents
This month is National Road Victims Month and the start of the
school summer holidays when more people will be
travelling. Have a read of our first aid advice in the event
of a road incident.
Provide first aid treatment to those with life-threatening
injuries before treating others and call 999 or 112 for emergency
help as soon as possible.
Making the area safe:
- • Park safely away from the incident site and put on your
- • Call 999 or 112.
- • Put on a high-vis jacket if you have one and put out warning
triangles at least 45m from the incident in each direction.
- • Watch out for physical dangers such as traffic.
- • Quickly assess any casualties by carrying out the primary
- • Deal first with those who have life-threatening
- • Always assume that any injured casualty in a vehicle has a
neck injury, and if possible, treat casualties in the position that
you find them, supporting the head and neck continuously and wait
for emergency services to arrive.
- • Search the area to make sure you do not overlook any casualty
who may have been thrown from the vehicle or wandered away.
- • Ask bystanders for help.
- • Danger - is it safe to approach?
- • Response - can the casualty respond to you?
- • Airway - tilt the head back and check that the airway is open
- • Breathing - look, listen and feel for about 10 seconds. If
unresponsive and not breathing, carry out CPR.
- • Circulation - check for severe bleeding. If bleeding, control
If the casualty is unresponsive and not breathing, you will need
to begin CPR immediately.
- • Do not leave the casualty.
- • Use a defibrillator if available.
- • Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 per
- • Give 2 rescue breaths - if unable or unwilling just give
- • Repeat - continue to give 30 compressions and 2 breaths until
If the casualty is bleeding severely, you will need to carry out
the following advice immediately.
- • Apply direct pressure to the wound.
- • Secure dressing with a bandage to maintain pressure.
- • Treat for shock if you are able.
- • Support the injury.