Sir John Furley
Sir John Furley was prominent in the foundation of St
John Ambulance. He became involved with St John in the
1860s, as its representative at the conferences held following the
Crimean War. These resulted in the setting up of
the International Red Cross, which aimed to have an international
standard of care for battlefield victims, regardless of whose side
they were on.
He became the first Director of Stores for St
John Ambulance, responsible for organising a supply of
ambulances and other materials. He used his practical
experiences to change the design of early stretchers enabling a
patient to be carried more easily and safely, without discomfort.
He also designed horse-drawn ambulance carriages,
and helped with the design of ambulance trains and hospital
ships, used in wartime. Furley recognised that an
organised system for training people in first aid for everyday life
was needed. He also saw that those who had been trained
could be medical reserves in time of war. In July 1877, with others
he founded the St John Ambulance Association to
train people in providing first aid to the injured.
Source: Museum of the Order of St John