Baby primary survey
If your baby is hurt, assess their injuries
using the primary survey. Remember the steps using DR ABC – Danger,
Response, Airway, Breathing, Circulation.
Watch our video - Baby primary survey
1. Danger: if there is a
danger in the area (eg. broken glass), make sure that it is safe
for you to approach without injuring yourself.
2. Response: See if your
baby reacts to you by calling their name or gently tapping or
flicking the sole of their foot. Never shake an infant.
- • If they do not respond to you, they
may unresponsive – open their airway.
- • If your baby is awake, alert, and breathing
normally move on to checking them for other injuries
3. Airway: if your baby is not
responsive, open their airway. Place a hand on the baby’s forehead,
gently tilt the head back and lift the chin with your fingertip to
open the airway.
4. Breathing: check to see if they
are breathing normally – look for chest movement, listen for sounds
and try to feel their breath on your cheek.
- • If they are not breathing normally:
keep the airway open and pick out any visible obstructions from
their mouth, but take care not to push anything further into the
throat. Start baby
- • If they are breathing normally: your
priority is to maintain their airway before checking for any other
injuries. Do not move them unless they are in danger or they stop
breathing normally. Hold your baby in the recovery
position by cradling them in your arms with the head
tilted downwards. This will protect their airway. While holding
them in the recovery position, check them over for other injuries.
Take the baby with you while you call for emergency help.
5. Circulation: if they
are breathing normally, check their circulation. Run your hands
down their body and check for any bleeds or other injuries. If your
baby has a bleed or any other injury, such as a head injury or
broken bone, treat for this now (Secondary Survey).
6. If your baby has a serious injury or
becomes unresponsive, call 999/112 for help, keep checking their
breathing and prepare to do CPR if they stop breathing