Easter first aid
With Easter in full swing and the temperatures on the rise,
families will be planning those holiday adventures. Whether you’re
heading to an Easter egg hunt where cuts and grazes are not
uncommon, or planning a trip to the park that may come with its
share of allergies, it’s important to know how to give first aid
for common injuries.
Cuts and grazes
Casual playtimes in the park can lead to common cuts and grazes.
A cut is when the skin is fully broken, and a graze is when only
the top layers of skin are scraped off. Cuts and grazes can usually
be treated at home.
How to treat cuts and grazes:
- 1. Clean it under running cold water or with alcohol-free
- 2. Pat it dry, cover with a sterile gauze or a clean,
- 3. Raise and support the injury. Apply pressure to stop
- 4. Remove the cloth or gauze and apply a sterile dressing or
- 5. If there’s high risk of an infection or something in it,
tell them to see a healthcare professional.
Strains and sprains
Strains and sprains are common injuries that affect the soft
tissues around joints. They happen when the tissues are stretched,
twisted or torn by violent or sudden movements, for instance if
someone changes direction suddenly, or falls and lands
A sprain is when a ligament has been twisted or torn, whilst a
strain is when the muscle has been overstretched and has partially
If you think someone may have strained or sprained a muscle,
ligament or tendon, these are the three key things to look for:
- 1. Pain and tenderness
- 2. Difficulty moving
- 3. Swelling and bruising
What you need to do:
Remember the letters R.I.C.E., which can be used to remember the
four steps to deal with strains and sprains:
- 1. Rest - help them to sit and support their injury in a
comfortable raised position.
- 2. Ice - apply something cold. Don’t leave it on for more than
- 3. Comfortable support - wrap a soft layer of padding around
the area. Tie a support bandage around it which goes up as far as
the next joint on each side.
- 4. Elevation – keep the injury raised on something soft.
- 5. If the pain is severe send them to hospital. Otherwise, tell
them to rest the injury.
Severe allergic reaction
An allergy is the body’s unexpected reaction to something it has
come into contact with. Something that triggers an allergic
reaction is called an allergen. One of the most common allergens is
plant pollen, which often causes hay fever. Other allergens
include: animal hair, insect stings, specific drugs and foods ‒
especially penicillin, shellfish and nuts.
These are the six key things to look for:
- 1. In mild allergy there may be blotchy, itchy skin.
- 2. Itchy red eyes or nose.
- 3. In severe allergy there may be wheezing or difficulty
breathing (they may complain that their chest ‘feels tight’)
- 4. There may be swelling of the hands, feet or face, but the
tongue and throat may also swell.
- 5. Anxiety.
- 6. Signs of shock
What you need to do:
- 1. Dial 999. Tell them someone is having a severe allergic
reaction and what might have caused it.
- 2. If they have an auto-injector of adrenaline, help them to
- 3. Sit them comfortably, leaning forwards slightly. Get medical