Emergency situation first aid

If you find yourself in an emergency situation, knowing life saving first aid skills can have an incredible impact and could potentially help save a life.

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Severe bleeding

  1. 1. Apply direct pressure to the wound
  2. 2. Call 999/112 for emergency help
  3. 3. Secure dressing with a bandage to maintain pressure
  4. 4. Treat for shock
  5. 5. Support the injury

How to give CPR to an adult

If someone is unresponsive and not breathing normally:

  1. 1. Call 999/112 for emergency help
    • • Do not leave them
    • • Use a defibrillator if available
  2. 2. Give 30 chest compressions
    • • At a rate of 100-120 per minute
  3. 3. Give 2 rescue breaths
    • • If unable, or unwilling, just give chest compressions
  4. 4. Repeat
    • • Continue to give 30 compressions and 2 breaths until help arrives (30:2).

Recovery position (adults)

Recovery position

How to put someone in the recovery position:

  1. 1. Place their nearest arm at a right angle to their body with the elbow bent
  2. 2. Place the back of their far hand against their cheek
    • • Hold it there.
  3. 3. Pull the far knee up until their foot is flat.
  4. 4. Pull on the bent leg to roll them towards you
  5. 5. Tilt their head back to open airway
  6. 6. Call 999/112 for emergency help
    • • Monitor their level of response

Shock

Severe burns

How to treat a severe burn:

  1. 1. Hold the burn under cool running water immediately
  2. 2. Call 999/112 for emergency help
  3. 3. Continue cooling the area for at least 10 minutes
    • • Do not touch the burn
    • • Remove any jewellery or clothing unless stuck to the burn
  4. 4. Cover loosely with cling film
    • • A clean plastic bag or a sterile dressing can also be used
  5. 5. Monitor their level of response
    • • Treat for shock if necessary