How to be safe in the summer and treat sunburn
Us Brits are known for getting out our
short summer clothes as soon as possible to lap up the summer sun.
But no one wants to look like a tomato! The sun can be
harmful, and sunburn is the most common problem, so make sure you
stay safe and know what to
What is sunburn?
Sunburn is damage to the skin caused by too
much exposure to harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays in
sunlight. If you use tanning beds, the light they give off
also has UV rays in it, so they can cause skin damage too.
If someone is sunburnt they will get red and painful skin.
Later, the skin can peel and, in severe cases, form
blisters. These symptoms may not show straight
away: they can take several hours to appear.
The best way to not get burnt is to avoid too much
exposure to the sun.
Top tips for avoiding sunburn
- Keep out of the sun between 11am and 3pm, when
the sun’s rays are strongest
- Wear high-protection sun
cream, and reapply throughout the day
- Cover up: wear lightweight clothing and a sun
If someone does get burnt, read the steps below to make sure you
know what to do.
How to treat sunburn
- You need to prevent any more damage to the skin and
relieve any soreness
- First, move the person out of the sun and into
the shade, or indoors if possible
- Encourage them to keep taking sips of cold
- Cool the skin by sponging it gently with cool
water, or by soaking the sore skin in a cold bath or shower for no
more than ten minutes. Repeat this if it helps ease soreness
- If the burn doesn't blister, then it is
mild. Apply calamine lotion or after-sun lotion to
help soothe the skin. Once this has soaked in, cover the skin with
light clothing or a towel
- If the burn blisters, then it is
severe and you need to get medical
help as soon as possible.