Emergency advice

If a baby or child has croup:

  1. Sit them on your knee.
  2. Reassure them.
  3. Call 999 if croup is severe and they have a high temperature, as it could be epiglottitis.

What is croup?

Croup is a childhood condition, where there is inflammation of the windpipe and the voice box.

Signs and symptoms

Look for:

  • distressed breathing
  • a short, barking cough
  • rasping noise when breathing in
  • a croaky voice
  • blue-grey skin (due to lack of oxygen).

What to do

  1. Baby croup first aid - sit the child on your knee and support their back

    Sit the child on your knee, supporting their back, and calmly reassure them.

  2. First aid - call 999 or 112 for emergency help

    If the croup is severe, or the breathing is distressed and not improving, or the child has a high temperature, call 999 or 112 for emergency medical help. The child may have epiglottitis.

    • Monitor their breathing and level of response until help arrives.
Did you find this information helpful?

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St John Ambulance volunteers providing support